Wheat

Wheat

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Wheat is the most important winter cereal grown during the non-monsoon months, and it is less vulnerable to yield fluctuation than other crops. After rice, wheat is the most important cereal in India. It is grown in cooler regions of India during the mild winter months of November to mid-April.

Wheat being one of the most important staple food grains and an excellent source of complex carbohydrates, vitamins, iron and magnesium. This grain is grown on a vast land area than any other commercial food. The world trade for wheat is more when compared to all other crops combined. Globally, wheat has the highest source of vegetable protein in human food, having a higher protein content when compared to other major cereals, maize (corn) or rice.

Physical characteristics such as hectoliter weight, thousand grain weight, grain hardness and texture are important for the grain trade. Based on physical parameters and purity, Indian wheat has been grouped into different grades in accordance with the international grading system. Accurate Exports grading system is therefore comparable with the practices followed in other parts of the world.

Wheat is an important source of carbohydrates. Globally, it is the leading source of vegetable protein in human food, having a protein content of about 13%, which is relatively high compared to other major cereals but relatively low in protein quality for supplying essential amino acids. When eaten as the whole grain, wheat is a source of multiple nutrients and dietary fiber.

 

Nutritional Facts